Mediapost Cyberbullying 101 – “Everyone’s Doing It”

Mediapost published an essay on cyberbullying – “Cyberbullying has suddenly entered into popular consciousness.” So it’s a new phenomenon, right? Nope, it’s been around as long as electronic communications made it possible. It just wasn’t as visible since there were fewer channels of communications, plus if someone acted up you could get them thrown off. Now, in a global Internet, there is plenty of places to hide and plenty of eyeballs for venom – you just gotta know where to look.

IP Dogma and Cognitive Networks at the Stanford Networking Research Center

I came across a scheduled talk at Stanford Networking Research Center this week on “Cognitive Networks: Implementing Alternate Network Management & Routing with Software Programmable Intelligent Networks” by Shannon Lake, CEO of Omivergent. Unfortunately, I had another seminar to attend at exactly the same time (as usual), but I was curous about this talk and Mr. Lake’s assertions on “IP dogma”. So I went and asked him why do we need to “change our views on IP networks”, layer 3 versus layer 4, and the impact of jitter. He most kindly replied.

A Tisket, A Tasket, I Lost My TCP Packet Part II

Well, my Japanese datacenter manager story hit a bit of a nerve, with one reader asking “doesn’t anyone test equpment anymore?” You’re correct. This was the first question in this incident. Didn’t anybody test anything? Yes, they did, as did the datacenter. Here’s the continuing saga of A Tisket, a Tasket, I’ve Lost My TCP Packet direct from that datacenter manager.

A Tisket, a Tasket, I’ve Lost My TCP Packet

A gentleman today wondered if his expensive leased fibre line was causing packet loss, even though he compared it with an ADSL line from the server to the host. As Dennis Rockwell of BBN pointed out “What you have discovered is that your 2Mbps link is not the bottleneck; that lies elsewhere in your network path. The extra bandwidth of the fiber link cannot help this application”.

Dennis is correct. But how do you know where to look to fix the problem? Here’s a little story from a manager of international datacenters in Japan and the US to illustrate how complicated the issue can become…

From the Mailbag – Buffer, Buffer Where is the Buffer?

In my current article Buffer, Buffer, Where is the Buffer? in Byte, Jim S. sent me the following:

Hi Lynne,
Nice article in Byte. It reminds me of the old days 
when you could read a good technical piece in the print Byte. 
Kind of a rare phenomenon today. 
But do you really mean to say that *all* security 
problems are buffer problems?

Thank you Jim for your kind words. Could you please tell the editor of Byte as well? That way, more articles like this come the reader’s way. 🙂

No, obviously security isn’t just buffer overflows. But these little bandaids are everywhere, and cause an amazing amount of problems for something so trivial.

For example, on Cnet today another buffer overrun afflicting Windows was announced. “Secunia issued an advisory saying a buffer overrun flaw has been found in Office 2000, and potentially also in Office XP, that could allow hackers to take over a user’s system. The company rated the flaw as ‘highly critical.'” Alas, these bulletins are all too common.

I used the essay to illustrate that a one size fits all solution like a buffer can have larger implications than my “engineer” in the introduction realized, and that his solution may not be a solution at all. There’s a lot of sloppy thinking nowadays, and that doesn’t help in a more competitive global economy. I’d like to see fewer unemployed obsolete engineers and scientists, and more innovation and critical thinking. So I write these essays. I hope it helps. And I hope you continue to enjoy them.

TCP, Hold the Congestion Control?

In an off-list discussion in the protocols interest groups, I got involved in a rather deep discussion of packet rate, congestion control, network neutrality, jitter and choices in Internet design, which are actually quite interesting to share.

A little background here – one person asked if it was true (it is) that the cwnd (congestion window) internal stack variable doesn’t have an immediate impact on the network, because TCP updates its actual rate only once per RTT in the congestion avoidance phase, so the cwnd += SMSS*SMSS/cwnd update with each ACK is only an internal calculation. You got that?

Which went on to the question posed to me – “While I now believe that it would actually be ‘legal’ according to the spec. to implement a TCP sender like this (no one seems to say that you MUST saturate your window at all times)…”

Wait partner. Going back into the Internet Wayback Machine and chatting with some of the earlier worker bees, it turned out it actually started out this way, and congestion backoff fell right out of this.

Procket Gets Unplugged

Well, it’s official – Procket is unplugged and sold to Cisco. At $89M, where they invested $300M, and Cisco was an early investor, I’d say they got a bargain. But will they use the technology?

According to one Cisco insider I spoke with he think the technology isn’t the big thing. “I think we regard it as a bargain: purchase 50 high end engineers, fluent in router design, ASIC design and layout, board design, SW, etc. for 80 million. Not a bad deal”. As to the tech, he says simply “We are fragmented enough as it is”. So they’ll find a use for it somewhere but it isn’t urgent.

Hey, why don’t we just turn off that pesky congestion control…

Alex Cannara loves to push those “why don’t we just turn off that pesky congestion control” papers my way. I think he does it just to annoy me. Which is correct, because I can’t imagine ever getting such a paper approved. But, as Britney likes to say, “Oops, they did it again…”.

It seems like every other CS grad student thinks he can get away with “disabling of TCP’s congestion control” and suddenly he’s solved the problem of congestion. Or, to put it in medical terms – it isn’t the disease, it’s the treatment. Everything is wonderful if you just stop treating the condition – even if the patient dies? Very much like a physics student thinking he’s gotten around energy conservation, when he doesn’t get what total energy of a system means, and wow, he’s invented a perpetual motion machine.

Oh where Oh where did my protocol engine go?

In a walk down memory lane, Craig Partridge and Alex Cannara discussed Craig’s mention of an XCP meeting and Greg Chesson, Alex saying “But, we still have suboptimal network design, insofar as we depend on TCP from the ’80s and a glacial IETF process — all this while now having complete web servers on a chip inside an RJ45 jack! So maybe his ideas for SiProts were something to consider, even if they weren’t right on target?”

Speed Stunts

Of course, never assume what the PR office of a university releases makes any real sense, as this SLAC press release demonstrates.

Looks like a commonplace database search trick to throttle flow control in a faster than exp backoff by probing for the likely end-to-end flow rate at any time. The question is, is this a good enough “good enough” strategy?

Jim Gray, once again, was willing to provide me a bit of perspective on this.